A scripting language is a programming language used to create bits of script or code. Scripting languages get often designed to enable advanced website features. These features get processed on the server, but the script for a particular page runs in the user’s browser. The term originally comes from “a movie script tells an actor what to do.” Scripting languages usually control the operation of interactive programs and provide a set of tasks that need to get performed in batches. For example, you can put a series of edit commands in a file and instruct the editor to run that “script” as if those commands got entered interactively.
Types of scripting languages
- Server-side scripting language
The scripting language that runs on the webserver is the server-side scripting language. It gets used by the backend, and the script is not observable to the user. Therefore, it is safe. It gets typically used to build dynamic websites, send replies to user requests, provide data, and so on.
- Client-facet scripting language
A scripting language that runs at the person’s net browser is a client-facet scripting language. It gets used on the front end, and thus, the script is seen to the person, making it much less secure. It gets used to create a personal interface and associated functionality. Client facet scripting is quicker as it no longer requires interplay with the webserver.
Advantages of scripting
- First, it is open source. So anyone in the world can use and contribute.
- Second, if you are a beginner, this is a great way to start learning a programming language as it is very comfortable to understand and program.
- As you can see, most scripting languages use an interpreter, and, unlike compilers, no executables are stored and therefore require less memory.
Scripting languages get widely employed in web development. Easily create complex web pages and applications. You can learn about it more here.